Using what we know about threat reactivity models to understand mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic

Carter J. Funkhouser*, David M. Klemballa, Stewart A. Shankman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic has been accompanied by unprecedented levels of stress and threats in a variety of domains (e.g., health, livelihood). Individual differences in threat reactivity may explain why some individuals are at elevated risk for the development or maintenance of psychopathology during the COVID-19 pandemic. This article describes several prominent models, mechanisms, and components of threat reactivity (e.g., appraisals, intolerance of uncertainty, avoidance) and discusses how they might help improve understanding of changes in psychopathology during and following the COVID-19 pandemic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number104082
JournalBehaviour Research and Therapy
Volume153
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2022

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • COVID-19
  • Fear
  • Psychopathology
  • Stress
  • Uncertainty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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