Using X-rays to characterize the process of self-assembly in real time

A. G. Richter, C. J. Yu, A. Datta, J. Kmetko, P. Dutta*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


We have performed in situ X-ray reflectivity studies of the growth of octadecyltrichlorosilane (OTS) monolayers on oxidized Si(111) from solutions in heptane. We find that for all concentrations, the film grows through the formation of islands of vertical molecules. The coverage follows a simple Langmuir form as a function of time, except for very low concentration solutions at early times, where a time offset is required to fit the curve. We have also examined films removed from solution, and we find that rinsing removes molecules and causes the remaining molecules to tilt. Thus, samples studied using the 'interrupted growth' technique are not representative of the actual growth process.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3-11
Number of pages9
JournalColloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects
StatePublished - Feb 18 2002


  • Monolayer growth X-rays
  • Octadecyltrichlorosilane
  • Self-assembly

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Using X-rays to characterize the process of self-assembly in real time'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this