Utility of a Partner Communication Scale and a Personal Meaning Scale in Newly Diagnosed HIV-Infected Persons

April Buscher*, David M. Latini, Christine Hartman, Michael Kallen, Shubhada Sansgiry, Thomas P. Giordano

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

No studies to our knowledge have examined the Lepore Social Constraint Scale or Fife Constructed Meaning Scale in recently diagnosed HIV-infected persons. Twenty-four participants in a prospective observational cohort completed the social-constraint measure, and 47 completed the constructed-meaning scale at either 3 or 9 months after diagnosis. Participants completed a 4-week visual analogue scale to assess adherence to antiretroviral therapy, and validated depression and self-efficacy scales. Spearman correlation coefficients compared measures. In cross-sectional analyses, participants with higher social-constraint scores had lower constructed meaning and adherence. Higher social constraint correlated negatively with self-efficacy and positively with depression. Higher constructed-meaning scores did not correlate with adherence but correlated positively with self-efficacy and negatively with depression. The quality of HIV-infected individuals' discussions of HIV with their partners and positive constructed meaning were associated with better mental health and could be targets for improving medication adherence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)126-134
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care
Volume24
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2013

Keywords

  • AIDS
  • Adherence
  • Antiretroviral therapy
  • Clinical trial
  • HIV
  • Social support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

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