Utility of preoperative endometrial assessment in asymptomatic women undergoing hysterectomy for pelvic floor dysfunction

Olga Ramm*, Jonathan L. Gleason, Saya Segal, Danielle D. Antosh, Kimberly S. Kenton

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction and hypothesis: Uterine morcellation during laparoscopy for pelvic floor repair has prompted adoption of uterine screening tests by some surgeons. We report a case series of uterine malignancy incidentally diagnosed at the time of pelvic floor surgery. Methods: We reviewed records from patients undergoing hysterectomy for pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and/or urinary incontinence (UI) from January 2004 to December 2009 and abstracted preoperative screening trends and final pathologic diagnoses. Results: Of the 708 women in the study, 125 (18%) had preoperative endometrial biopsy (EB), 43 (6%) had pelvic ultrasound (US), and 21 (3%) had EB and US. Surgical route included vaginal (58%), abdominal (23%), and laparoscopic (18%). Most (97.1%) final pathologic diagnoses were benign. Five cancers (0.6%) were detected; four of these women had normal preoperative screening, including EB (2), US (1), or both tests (1). Conclusions: Screening with EB + US was found to be ineffective in our cohort of patients due to the low prevalence of undetected uterine cancer in asymptomatic women planning POP/UI surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)913-917
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Urogynecology Journal
Volume23
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012

Keywords

  • Endometrial biopsy
  • Endometrial cancer
  • Endometrial hyperplasia
  • Pelvic organ prolapse
  • Unanticipated malignancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Urology

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