Utilization of a novel interactive mobile health platform to evaluate functional outcomes and pain following septoplasty and functional endoscopic sinus surgery

Ashoke R. Khanwalkar*, Jasper Shen, Robert C. Kern, Kevin C. Welch, Stephanie S. Smith, Bruce K. Tan, David B. Conley

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Whether for research or quality improve-ment, assessment of postoperative quality of life outcomes faces a challenge in reliable data collection. Typi-cal coordinator-led studies cite response rates from 35% to 70%. This study evaluates the utility of a digital patient engagement platform to track patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) following septoplasty and functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS). Methods: A prospective cohort was recruited at a tertiary care center from January 2017 to March 2018. A mobile phone application relayed PROMs, including pain (assessed on a 0 to 10 visual analogue scale [VAS] every other day for 2 weeks, as well as the patient-reported outcome measure information system [PROMIS] pain interference short form 4a at baseline, 2 weeks, and 3 months) and timing of return to work. Results: Of 288 patients enrolled, 249 (86.5%) provided clinical data, including 208 who underwent septoplasty or FESS. Granular VAS scores, submitted by 195 patients, demonstrated 80% of these patients achieved minimal pain by postoperative day 8. A nonsignificant trend of increased days to pain relief by procedure emerged: septo-plasty (mean ± standard deviation [SD], 3.60 ± 2.44), FESS (3.96 ± 3.25), FESS with septoplasty (4.40 ± 3.04), and FESS with drilling (4.86 ± 3.68). Across procedures, PROMIS pain interference increased at 2 weeks (9.17 ± 4.15) and decreased at 3 months (5.32 ± 2.61) compared with baseline (7.09 ± 4.63), with greater improvement noted in the FESS subgroup at 3 months. Patients returned to work at mean 7.1 days regardless of procedure. Conclusions: With its high response rate, mobile digital patient engagement platforms may effectively track postoperative outcomes with the potential for reduced sample bias.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)345-351
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Forum of Allergy and Rhinology
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2019

Keywords

  • Mobile applications
  • Pain measurement
  • Paranasal sinuses
  • Patient participation
  • Patient-reported outcome measures
  • Quality of life
  • Return to work
  • Sinusitis
  • Telemedicine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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