Utilization of Parenteral Nutrition Following Pancreaticoduodenectomy: Is Routine Jejunostomy Tube Placement Warranted?

Irina Yermilov, Sushma Jain, Evan Sekeris, David J. Bentrem, Oscar J. Hines, Howard A. Reber, Clifford Y. Ko, James S. Tomlinson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction Complications following pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) often necessitate nutritional support. This study analyzes the utilization of parenteral nutrition (TPN) during the surgical admission as evidence for or against routine jejunostomy placement. Methods The California Cancer Registry (1994-2003) was linked to the California Inpatient File; PD for adenocarcinoma was performed in 1,873 patients. TPN use and enterostomy tube placement were determined and preoperative characteristics predictive of TPN use during the surgical admission were identified. Results Fourteen percent of patients received TPN, 23% underwent enterostomy tube placement, and 63% received no supplemental nutritional support. TPN was associated with longer hospital stay (18 vs. 13 days, P < 0.0001). The Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) ≥ 3 had nearly two-fold greater odds of receiving TPN (odds ratio [OR] = 1.85, P < 0.005). Conclusion Approximately 1 in 6 patients undergoing PD received TPN, which was associated with prolonged hospital stay. CCI ≥ 3 was associated with increased odds of TPN utilization. Selected jejunostomy placement in patients with high CCI is worthy of consideration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1582-1588
Number of pages7
JournalDigestive diseases and sciences
Volume54
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2009

Keywords

  • Enterostomy tube
  • Pancreaticoduodenectomy
  • Parenteral nutrition
  • Postoperative nutrition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Gastroenterology

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