Utilization of radiotherapy for malignant phyllodes tumors: Analysis of the National Cancer Data Base, 1998-2009

Jennifer L. Gnerlich, Richelle T. Williams, Katherine Yao, Nora Jaskowiak, Swati A. Kulkarni*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background. Malignant phyllodes tumors of the breast have traditionally been treated with surgical excision. Recently, the use of adjuvant radiotherapy has been advocated to reduce the risk of local recurrence; however, this recommendation is controversial in the absence of consistent outcome data. We hypothesize that there has been a trend toward increased utilization of adjuvant radiotherapy for malignant phyllodes tumors despite its uncertain effect on outcomes. Methods. Using the National Cancer Data Base, predictors of radiotherapy utilization were examined for women with malignant phyllodes from 1998 to 2009. Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression models were generated to determine the effect of radiotherapy on local recurrence (LR), disease-free survival (DFS), and overall survival (OS). Results. Of the 3,120 patients with malignant phyllodes, 57 % underwent breast conservation surgery and 42 % underwent mastectomy. Overall, 14.3 % of women received adjuvant radiotherapy. Utilization of radiotherapy doubled over the study period (9.5 % in 1998-1999 vs. 19.5 % in 2008-2009, p < 0.001). Women were significantly more likely to receive radiotherapy if they were diagnosed later in the study, were age 50-59 years old, had tumors >10 cm, or had lymph nodes removed. For the 1,774 patients with available recurrence data, overall recurrence was 14.1 %, and LR was 5.9 %. In adjusted models, adjuvant radiotherapy reduced LR (aHR 0.43, 95 % CI 0.19-0.95) but did not impact DFS or OS after 53 months' median follow-up. Conclusions. Utilization of adjuvant radiotherapy for malignant phyllodes doubled from 1998 to 2009. Radiotherapy significantly reduced LR but had no effect on DFS or OS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1222-1230
Number of pages9
JournalAnnals of surgical oncology
Volume21
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oncology

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