UVB radiation-induced β-catenin signaling is enhanced by COX-2 expression in keratinocytes

Kimberly A. Smith, Xin Tong, Adnan O. Abu-Yousif, Carol C. Mikulec, Cara J. Gottardi, Susan M. Fischer, Jill C. Pelling*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

UVB radiation is the major carcinogen responsible for skin carcinogenesis, thus elucidation of the molecular pathways altered in skin in response to UVB would reveal novel targets for therapeutic intervention. It is well established that UVB leads to upregulation of cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) in the skin which contributes to skin carcinogenesis. Overexpression of COX-2 has been shown to promote colon cancer cell growth through β-catenin signaling, however, little is known about the connection between UVB, COX-2, and β-catenin in the skin. In the present study, we have identified a novel pathway in which UVB induces β-catenin signaling in keratinocytes, which is modulated by COX-2 expression. Exposure of the mouse 308 keratinocyte cell line (308 cells) and primary normal human epidermal keratinocytes (NHEKs) to UVB resulted in increased protein levels of both N-terminally unphosphorylated and total β-catenin. In addition, we found that UVB-enhanced β-catenin-dependent TOPflash reporter activity and expression of a downstream β-catenin target gene. We demonstrated that UVB-induced β-catenin signaling is modulated by COX-2, as treatment of keratinocytes with the specific COX-2 inhibitor NS398 blocked UVB induction of β-catenin. Additionally, β-catenin target gene expression was reduced in UVB-treated COX-2 knockout (KO) MEFs compared to wild-type (WT) MEFs. Furthermore, epidermis from UVB-exposed SKH-1 mice exhibited increased N-terminally unphosphorylated and total β-catenin protein levels and increased staining for total β-catenin, and both responses were reduced in COX-2 heterozygous mice. Taken together, these results suggest a novel pathway in which UVB induces β-catenin signaling in keratinocytes which is enhanced by COX-2 expression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)734-745
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular Carcinogenesis
Volume51
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2012

Keywords

  • COX-2
  • PGE2
  • UVB
  • β-catenin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cancer Research

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