The old open cluster M67, populated with blue straggler stars (BSSs), is a well-known test bed to study the BSS formation pathways. Here, we report the first direct detection of a white dwarf (WD) companion to a BSS in M67, using far-UV images from the Ultra-Violet Imaging telescope on ASTROSAT. Near-simultaneous observations in three far-UV bands combined with Galaxy Evolution Explorer, International Ultraviolet Explorer, and ground- and space-based photometric data covering a 0.14-11.5 μm range for WOCS1007 were found to require a binary fit to its spectral energy distribution (SED), consisting of a BSS and a hot companion. On the other hand, a single spectral fit was found to be satisfactory for the SEDs of two other BSSs, WOCS1006 and WOCS2011, with the latter showing a deficient far-UV flux. The hot companion of WOCS1007 is found to have a ∼ 13,250-13,750 K and a radius of 0.09 0.01 . A comparison with WD models suggests it to be a low-mass WD (∼), in agreement with the kinematic mass from the literature. As a low-mass WD (<) necessitates formation through mass transfer in close binaries, WOCS1007 with a known period of 4.2 days along with its fast rotation, is likely to be formed by a case A or case B binary evolution.
- open clusters and associations: individual (M67)
- stars: individual (blue stragglers, white dwarfs)
- ultraviolet: stars
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science