Vaccination with partial knowledge of external effectiveness

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Abstract

Economists studying public policy have generally assumed that the relevant planner knows how policy affects population behavior. Planners typically do not possess all of this knowledge, so there is reason to consider policy formationwith partial knowledge of policy impacts.Here I consider choice of a vaccination policywhen a planner has partial knowledge of the effect of vaccination on illness rates. To begin, I pose a planning problem whose objective is to minimize the utilitarian social cost of illness and vaccination. The consequences of candidate vaccination rates depend on the extent to which vaccination prevents illness. I study the planning problem when the planner has partial knowledge of the external-response function, which expresses how the illness rate of unvaccinated persons varies with the vaccination rate. I suppose that the planner observes the illness rate of a study population whose vaccination rate has been chosen previously. He knows that the illness rate of unvaccinated persons weakly decreases as the vaccination rate increases, but he does not knowthemagnitude of the preventive effect of vaccination. In this setting, I first showhowthe planner can eliminate dominated vaccination rates and then how he can use theminimax or minimaxregret criterion to choose an undominated vaccination rate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3953-3960
Number of pages8
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume107
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2 2010

Keywords

  • Partial identification
  • Planning under ambiguity
  • Social interactions
  • Vaccination policy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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