Berenger recently published a novel absorbing boundary condition (ABC) for FDTD meshes in two dimensions, claiming orders-of-magnitude improved performance relative to any earlier technique. This approach, which he calls the “perfectly matched layer (PML) for the absorption of electromagnetic waves,” creates a nonphysical absorber adjacent to the outer grid boundary that has a wave impedance independent of the angle of incidence and frequency of outgoing scattered waves. This paper verifies Berenger’s strong claims for PML for 2-D FDTD grids and extends and verifies PML for 3-D FDTD grids. Indeed, PML is > 40 dB more accurate than second-order Mur, and PML works just as well in 3-D as it does in 2-D. It should have a major impact upon the entire FDTD modeling community, leading to new possibilities for high-accuracy simulations especially for low-observable aerospace targets.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)