Validation of a Prediction Model for Vaginal Birth After Caesarean

Nils Chaillet, Emmanuel Bujold, Eric Dubé, William A. Grobman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations


Background: Pregnant women with a previous Caesarean section face making the decision to undergo an elective repeat Caesarean section or to attempt a trial of labour with the goal of achieving a vaginal birth after Caesarean (VBAC). One of the key factors in counselling these women is the probability of a successful VBAC. We aimed to validate a prediction model for VBAC success. Methods: We performed an analysis of women at term with one prior low-transverse Caesarean section and a live cephalic singleton pregnancy who attempted a trial of labour after Caesarean (TOLAC) at 32 hospitals in Quebec between 2008 and 2012. The individual TOLAC probabilities of success were calculated without regard to ethnicity, using a prediction model previously developed in the United States. The predictive ability of the model was assessed using receiver operating characteristic curves and the area under the curve (AUC). In addition, a calibration curve was generated by plotting the predicted and observed VBAC rates. Results: Of 3113 eligible women who underwent TOLAC, we found an overall rate of VBAC of 75. 3%. Beyond a predicted probability of 40%, both observed and predicted TOLAC success rates were similar. The accuracy of the model was high (AUC = 0. 72; 95% CI 0. 70 to 0. 74, P > 0. 001) as was the correlation between observed and predicted probabilities of TOLAC success (R. 2 = 0. 98). Finally, for women requiring induction of labour, observed and predicted probabilities were similar for a predicted probability ≥ 70%. Conclusion: It is possible to estimate VBAC success accurately in Quebec using a validated prediction model from the United States. This model may be used in practice without regard to ethnicity as a primary method to refine counselling during antepartum visits for women with a prior Caesarean section.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)119-124
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2013


  • Model
  • Prediction
  • Vaginal birth after Caesarean

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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