Our objective was to validate a commercially available ELISA to measure antibody titers against Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in dried blood spots (DBS) to replace a previously validated assay for DBS that is no longer available. We evaluated the precision, reliability, and stability of the assay for the measurement of EBV antibodies in matched plasma, fingerprick DBS, and venous blood DBS samples from 208 individuals. Effects of hematocrit and DBS sample matrix on EBV antibody determination were also investigated, and the cutoff for seropositivity in DBS was determined. A conversion equation was derived to enable comparison of results generated using this method with the former DBS method. There was a high correlation between plasma and DBS EBV antibody titers (R2 = 0.93) with very little bias (−0.07 based on Bland-Altman analysis). The assay showed good linearity and did not appear to be affected by the DBS matrix, and physiological hematocrit levels had no effect on assay performance. There was reasonable agreement between DBS EBV titer estimates obtained using this assay and the previously validated assay (R2 = 0.72). The commercially available ELISA assay for EBV antibody titers that we validated for use with DBS will facilitate continued investigation of EBV antibody titers in DBS.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics