Objective: To validate a method for measuring endotoxin-core antibodies (EndoCAb) from dried blood spots (DBS)—drops of capillary whole blood collected and dried on filter paper—as an indicator of environmental enteropathy (EE) in infancy and early childhood. Methods: A commercially available enzyme immunoassay kit was adapted for use with DBS, with optimized steps for sample elution. Technical validation included analysis of linearity/recovery, precision and reliability, lower limit of detection, and correspondence between matched plasma and DBS samples. Validation in a field-based setting was implemented with samples from Peruvian infants (n = 82; age = 2–33 months) collected at two time points six months apart. Results: A high correspondence between plasma and DBS levels of EndoCAb was observed (R2 = 0.93, P <.001). The lower limit of detection was found to be 0.01 GMU/mL. Interassay coefficient of variation (CV) was 10.9% and 8.06% for low and high controls, respectively. Mean intra-assay CVs were 3.22% and 1.83%, respectively. In a sample of Peruvian infants, EndoCAb levels increased with age as expected (P <.001). Age explained nearly 34.6% of the variance in EndoCAb across the sample. Conclusion: These findings demonstrate the validity and feasibility of measuring EndoCAb in remote field settings using minimally invasive DBS sampling.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics