Validation of highly accelerated real-time cardiac cine MRI with radial k-space sampling and compressed sensing in patients at 1.5T and 3T

The CKD Optimal Management with Binders and NicotinamidE (COMBINE) Study Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To validate an optimal 12-fold accelerated real-time cine MRI pulse sequence with radial k-space sampling and compressed sensing (CS) in patients at 1.5T and 3T. Methods: We used two strategies to reduce image artifacts arising from gradient delays and eddy currents in radial k-space sampling with balanced steady-state free precession readout. We validated this pulse sequence against a standard breath-hold cine sequence in two patient cohorts: a myocardial infarction (n = 16) group at 1.5T and chronic kidney disease group (n = 18) at 3T. Two readers independently performed visual analysis of 68 cine sets in four categories (myocardial definition, temporal fidelity, artifact, noise) on a 5-point Likert scale (1 = nondiagnostic, 2 = poor, 3 = adequate or moderate, 4 = good, 5 = excellent). Another reader calculated left ventricular (LV) functional parameters, including ejection fraction. Results: Compared with standard cine, real-time cine produced nonsignificantly different visually assessed scores, except for the following categories: 1) temporal fidelity scores were significantly lower (P = 0.013) for real-time cine at both field strengths, 2) artifacts scores were significantly higher (P = 0.013) for real-time cine at both field strengths, and 3) noise scores were significantly (P = 0.013) higher for real-time cine at 1.5T. Standard and real-time cine pulse sequences produced LV functional parameters that were in good agreement (e.g., absolute mean difference in ejection fraction <4%). Conclusion: This study demonstrates that an optimal 12-fold, accelerated, real-time cine MRI pulse sequence using radial k-space sampling and CS produces good to excellent visual scores and relatively accurate LV functional parameters in patients at 1.5T and 3T. Magn Reson Med 79:2745–2751, 2018.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2745-2751
Number of pages7
JournalMagnetic resonance in medicine
Volume79
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2018

Keywords

  • Cartesian k-space
  • cardiac function
  • compressed sensing
  • radial k-space
  • real-time cine MRI
  • tiny golden angles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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