Validation of Italian rebus puzzles and compound remote associate problems

Carola Salvi*, Giulio Costantini, Emanuela Bricolo, Marco Perugini, Mark Beeman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Rebus puzzles and compound remote associate problems have been successfully used to study problem solving. These problems are physically compact, often can be solved within short time limits, and have unambiguous solutions, and English versions have been normed for solving rates and levels of difficulty. Many studies on problem solving with sudden insight have taken advantage of these features in paradigms that require many quick solutions (e.g., solution priming, visual hemifield presentations, electroencephalography, fMRI, and eyetracking). In order to promote this vein of research in Italy, as well, we created and tested Italian versions of both of these tests. The data collected across three studies yielded a pool of 88 rebus puzzles and 122 compound remote associate problems within a moderate range of difficulty. This article provides both sets of problems with their normative data, for use in future research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)664-685
Number of pages22
JournalBehavior Research Methods
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1 2016


  • Creativity
  • Insight
  • Problem solving
  • Test validation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Psychology (miscellaneous)
  • Psychology(all)


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