Kinetic modeling has proven to be a valuable tool for peritoneal dialysis (PD) prescription in adult PD patients. The clinical application of this procedure has rarely been studied in children. We therefore evaluated the PD Adequest 2.0 for Windows program (Baxter Healthcare Co., Deerfield, IL) as a prescription aid for the management of pediatric PD patients by comparing the measured and predicted PD clearances, total drain volumes, and net ultrafiltration in 34 children (15 males) (mean age 10.9±6.0 years) receiving long-term PD. In each case, a 4-h peritoneal equilibration test was conducted with a standardized test exchange volume of 1100 ml/m2 BSA. A total of 43 24-h dialysate (plus urine in 12) collections were analyzed. The levels of agreement between measured and predicted values for weekly peritoneal and total urea Kt/V, weekly peritoneal and total creatinine clearance, daily drain volume, net ultrafiltration and daily peritoneal urea and creatinine mass removal were assessed with correlation coefficients (rc) and Bland-Altman limits of agreement. The study revealed that there is a basic level of agreement between measured and modeled values for solute removal and total drain volume, with correlation coefficients ranging from 0.75 to 0.98. In contrast, the rc for net ultrafiltration was only 0.34. The majority (75%) of patients had modeled urea and creatinine clearances that were within 20% of their measured values. These data suggest that the PD Adequest 2.0 for Windows program can predict urea and creatinine clearances with reasonable accuracy in pediatric PD patients, making it a valuable resource in prescription management.
- Peritoneal dialysis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health