Validation of the activities assessment scale in women undergoing pelvic reconstructive surgery

Matthew D. Barber*, Kim Kenton, Nancy K. Janz, Yvonne Hsu, Keisha Y. Dyer, W. Jerod Greer, Amanda White, Susie Meikle, Wen Ye

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations


Objective: The Activities Assessment Scale (AAS) is a 13-item postoperative functional activity scale validated in menwho underwent hernia surgery. We evaluated the psychometric characteristics of the AAS in women who underwent vaginal surgery for pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Methods: Participants included 163 women with POP and SUI enrolled in a randomized trial comparing sacrospinous ligament fixation to uterosacral vault suspension with and without perioperative pelvic floor muscle training. Participants completed the AAS and SF-36 at baseline and 2 weeks and 6 months postoperatively. Internal reliability of the AAS was evaluated using Cronbach α. Construct validity and responsiveness were examined in cross-sectional and longitudinal data using Pearson correlation coefficient and analysis of variance. The AAS is scored from zero to 100 (higher scores = better function). Results: Mean (SD) baseline AAS scorewas 87 (17.3) (range, 25-100). Functional activity declined from baseline to 2 weeks postoperatively (mean change, -4.5; 95% confidence interval, -7.6 to -1.42) but improved above baseline at 6 months (mean change, +10.9; 95% confidence interval, 7.8-14.0). Internal reliability of the AAS was excellent (Cronbach α = 0.93). Construct validity was demonstrated by a correlation of 0.59 to 0.60 between the AAS and SF-36 physical functioning scale (P < 0.0001) and lower correlations between the AAS and other SF-36 scales. Patientswho improved in physical functioning based on the SF-36 between 2 weeks and 6 months postoperatively showed an effect size of 0.86 for change in the AAS over the same period. Conclusions: The AAS is a valid, reliable, and responsive measure for evaluation of physical function in women after pelvic reconstructive surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)205-210
Number of pages6
JournalFemale Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2012


  • Functional activity
  • Pelvic organ prolapse
  • Pelvic reconstructive surgery
  • Postoperative activity
  • Scales

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Urology


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