Validation of the crime and violence scale (CVS) against the rasch measurement model including differences by gender, race, and age

Kendon J. Conrad, Barth B. Riley, Karen M. Conrad, Ya Fen Chan, Michael L. Dennis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

In assessing criminality, researchers have used counts of crimes, arrests, and so on, because interval measures were not available. Additionally, crime seriousness varies depending on demographic factors. This study examined the Crime and Violence Scale (CVS) regarding psychometric quality using item response theory (IRT) and invariance of the crime seriousness hierarchy for gender, age, and racial/ethnic groups on 7,435 respondents. The CVS is a useful measure of criminality, though some items could be improved or dropped. Differential item functioning (DIF) analysis revealed that crime seriousness varies by age and gender. IRT shows promise in assessing and adjusting for demographic variations in crime seriousness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)83-115
Number of pages33
JournalEvaluation Review
Volume34
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Crime seriousness
  • Criminality measurement
  • Global appraisal of individual needs (GAIN)
  • Item response theory
  • Rasch analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Social Sciences(all)

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