The anticonvulsant mood stabilizers valproic acid (250, 500 but not 50 mg/kg) and carbamazepine (6, 12.5 but not 3 mg/kg) were found to increase extracellular dopamine levels in rat medial prefrontal cortex, but not nucleus accumbens. Increased prefrontal dopamine was completely abolished by the selective 5-HT(1A) receptor antagonist N-[2-[4-(2-methoxyphenyl)-1-piperazinyl]ethyl]-N-2-pyridinyl-cyclohexanecarboxamide (WAY100635, 0.05 mg/kg). Anticonvulsants and clozapine may share a common mood stabilizing mechanism since clozapine is reported to have mood stabilizing effects and increase prefrontal dopamine by 5-HT(1A) receptor activation. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V.
- 5-HT(1A) receptor
- Anticonvulsant mood stabilizer
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