Valuing thoughts, ignoring behavior

The introspection illusion as a source of the bias blind spot

Emily Pronin*, Matthew B. Kugler

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

151 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

People see themselves as less susceptible to bias than others. We show that a source of this bias blind spot involves the value that people place, and believe they should place, on introspective information (relative to behavioral information) when assessing bias in themselves versus others. Participants considered introspective information more than behavioral information for assessing bias in themselves, but not others. This divergence did not arise simply from differences in introspective access. The blind spot persisted when observers had access to the introspections of the actor whose bias they judged. And, participants claimed that they, but not their peers, should rely on introspections when making self-assessments of bias. Only after being educated about the importance of nonconscious processes in guiding judgment and action-and thereby about the fallibility of introspection-did participants cease denying their relative susceptibility to bias.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)565-578
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Experimental Social Psychology
Volume43
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2007

Fingerprint

introspection
Optic Disk
trend
self-assessment
divergence
Self-Assessment

Keywords

  • Bias blind spot
  • Introspection illusion
  • Nonconscious influences
  • Self-other
  • Self-perception

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

@article{8b9775679c7e42c6bb2173b796a26bd0,
title = "Valuing thoughts, ignoring behavior: The introspection illusion as a source of the bias blind spot",
abstract = "People see themselves as less susceptible to bias than others. We show that a source of this bias blind spot involves the value that people place, and believe they should place, on introspective information (relative to behavioral information) when assessing bias in themselves versus others. Participants considered introspective information more than behavioral information for assessing bias in themselves, but not others. This divergence did not arise simply from differences in introspective access. The blind spot persisted when observers had access to the introspections of the actor whose bias they judged. And, participants claimed that they, but not their peers, should rely on introspections when making self-assessments of bias. Only after being educated about the importance of nonconscious processes in guiding judgment and action-and thereby about the fallibility of introspection-did participants cease denying their relative susceptibility to bias.",
keywords = "Bias blind spot, Introspection illusion, Nonconscious influences, Self-other, Self-perception",
author = "Emily Pronin and Kugler, {Matthew B.}",
year = "2007",
month = "7",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jesp.2006.05.011",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "43",
pages = "565--578",
journal = "Journal of Experimental Social Psychology",
issn = "0022-1031",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
number = "4",

}

Valuing thoughts, ignoring behavior : The introspection illusion as a source of the bias blind spot. / Pronin, Emily; Kugler, Matthew B.

In: Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, Vol. 43, No. 4, 01.07.2007, p. 565-578.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Valuing thoughts, ignoring behavior

T2 - The introspection illusion as a source of the bias blind spot

AU - Pronin, Emily

AU - Kugler, Matthew B.

PY - 2007/7/1

Y1 - 2007/7/1

N2 - People see themselves as less susceptible to bias than others. We show that a source of this bias blind spot involves the value that people place, and believe they should place, on introspective information (relative to behavioral information) when assessing bias in themselves versus others. Participants considered introspective information more than behavioral information for assessing bias in themselves, but not others. This divergence did not arise simply from differences in introspective access. The blind spot persisted when observers had access to the introspections of the actor whose bias they judged. And, participants claimed that they, but not their peers, should rely on introspections when making self-assessments of bias. Only after being educated about the importance of nonconscious processes in guiding judgment and action-and thereby about the fallibility of introspection-did participants cease denying their relative susceptibility to bias.

AB - People see themselves as less susceptible to bias than others. We show that a source of this bias blind spot involves the value that people place, and believe they should place, on introspective information (relative to behavioral information) when assessing bias in themselves versus others. Participants considered introspective information more than behavioral information for assessing bias in themselves, but not others. This divergence did not arise simply from differences in introspective access. The blind spot persisted when observers had access to the introspections of the actor whose bias they judged. And, participants claimed that they, but not their peers, should rely on introspections when making self-assessments of bias. Only after being educated about the importance of nonconscious processes in guiding judgment and action-and thereby about the fallibility of introspection-did participants cease denying their relative susceptibility to bias.

KW - Bias blind spot

KW - Introspection illusion

KW - Nonconscious influences

KW - Self-other

KW - Self-perception

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=34249788997&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=34249788997&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jesp.2006.05.011

DO - 10.1016/j.jesp.2006.05.011

M3 - Article

VL - 43

SP - 565

EP - 578

JO - Journal of Experimental Social Psychology

JF - Journal of Experimental Social Psychology

SN - 0022-1031

IS - 4

ER -