Vanadium oxide nanowire phase and orientation analyzed by Raman spectroscopy

J. Y. Chou, J. L. Lensch-Falk, E. R. Hemesath, L. J. Lauhon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

70 Scopus citations


Phase-selective growth of VO2 and V2O5 nanowires was realized via catalyst-free physical vapor deposition from bulk VO2 powder. Single nanowire Raman spectroscopy was used to analyze the distribution of the vanadium oxide phases within the reactor. VO 2(V2O5) nanowires were identified by characteristic peaks at 197, 224, and 620 cm-1 (149, 700, and 994 cm-1). Electron diffraction and polarization-dependent Raman spectra indicated that the growth directions of VO2 and V2O 5 nanowires were [100] and [010]. Analysis of Raman spectra in two polarization configurations is sufficient to distinguish between low-index nanowire growth directions for the V2O5 phase. Single nanostructure Raman measurements thus provide a means to rapidly analyze the phase and growth direction of anisotropic nanostructures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number034310
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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