Heterogeneous catalysts supported on metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), which possess uniform porosity and crystallinity, have attracted significant interest for recent years due to the ease of active-site characterization via X-ray diffraction and the subsequent relation of the active site structure to the catalytic activity. We report the syntheses, structures, and oxidation catalytic activities of single-ion iron catalysts incorporated into the zirconium MOF NU-1000. Single-ion iron catalysts with different counteranions were anchored onto the Zr node through postsynthetic solvothermal deposition. Crystallographic characterization of the resulting MOFs (NU-1000-Fe-Cl and NU-1000-Fe-NO3) revealed that, while both frameworks have similar Fe coordination, the distance between Fe and the Zr6 node differs significantly between the two. The product rate profiles of the two catalysts for vapor-phase cyclohexene epoxidation demonstrate different initial rates and product formations, likely originating from the different Fe-O distances.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Inorganic Chemistry