Objectives To test the hypothesis that multiple constituents of the apical plasma membrane residing alongside the causal cystic fibrosis (CF) transmembrane conductance regulator protein, including known CF modifiers SLC26A9, SLC6A14, and SLC9A3, would be associated with prenatal exocrine pancreatic damage as measured by newborn screened (NBS) immunoreactive trypsinogen (IRT) levels. Study design NBS IRT measures and genome-wide genotype data were available on 111 subjects from Colorado, 37 subjects from Wisconsin, and 80 subjects from France. Multiple linear regression was used to determine whether any of 8 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in SLC26A9, SLC6A14, and SLC9A3 were associated with IRT and whether other constituents of the apical plasma membrane contributed to IRT. Results In the Colorado sample, 3 SLC26A9 SNPs were associated with NBS IRT (min P = 1.16 × 10-3; rs7512462), but no SLC6A14 or SLC9A3 SNPs were associated (P >.05). The rs7512462 association replicated in the Wisconsin sample (P =.03) but not in the French sample (P =.76). Furthermore, rs7512462 was the top-ranked apical membrane constituent in the combined Colorado and Wisconsin sample. Conclusions NBS IRT is a biomarker of prenatal exocrine pancreatic disease in patients with CF, and a SNP in SLC26A9 accounts for significant IRT variability. This work suggests SLC26A9 as a potential therapeutic target to ameliorate exocrine pancreatic disease.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health