Variation in Arterial Access for Invasive Coronary Procedures in New Zealand: A National Analysis (ANZACS-QI 5)

the ANZACS-QI investigators

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Background: Radial arterial access (RA) and femoral arterial access (FA) rates for invasive coronary angiography (ICA) vary widely internationally. The European Society of Cardiology (ESC) suggests default RA is feasible. We aim to investigate the variation in RA rates across all New Zealand public hospitals. Methods and Results: Patient characteristics, procedural details, and inpatient outcome data were collected in the All New Zealand Acute Coronary Syndrome - Quality Improvement (ANZACS-QI) registry on consecutive patients undergoing ICA over five months. Of the 5894 ICAs 81% were via RA. Hospitals averaged 25 - 176 procedures/month (46.5% - 96.4% via RA). Operators averaged 17 procedures/month. Those performing more than 20 ICAs/month had RA rates between 61% - 99%. Of the 75 operators, 69% met the ESC recommendation. After multivariable adjustment higher operator (RR 1.12, CI 1.09 - 1.30) and hospital (RR 1.21, CI 1.15 - 1.28) volume were independent predictors of RA. Those with prior CABG (RR 0.51, CI 0.45 - 0.57), STEMI <12 h (RR 0.91, CI 0.87 - 0.96), and female sex (RR 0.96, CI 0.94 - 0.99) were less likely to receive RA. Conclusions: New Zealand has a high RA rate for ICAs. Rates vary substantially between both operators and centres. Radial arterial was highest amongst the highest volume operators and centres.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)451-458
Number of pages8
JournalHeart Lung and Circulation
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1 2016


  • Access site
  • Cardiac catheterisation
  • Radial artery catheter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine


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