Primary intraocular lymphoma is a distinct subset of primary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the central nervous system (CNS). Diagnosis can be difficult and is often delayed, as the clinical presentation can mimic a number of other ocular conditions. This report describes four different presentations of intraocular lymphoma and focuses on its modes of clinical presentation. Primary intraocular lymphoma can present with a wide variety of manifestations frequently mimicking diffuse uveitis that is refractory to corticosteroids. Subretinal pigment epithelium tumors may be seen. However, other presentations may include multiple deep white dots in the retina secondary to tumor infiltration; retinal infiltration, causing a necrotizing retinitis; or infiltration of the retinal vasculature, causing arterial or venous obstruction. Finally, optic nerve invasion may be seen. CNS lymphoma develops in the majority of patients before, in conjunction with, or after the development of eye disease. Intraocular lymphoma often has a fatal outcome, but recognition of its modes of presentation facilitates early diagnosis and treatment that may improve prognosis.
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