Variations in Umbilical Cord Hematopoietic and Mesenchymal Stem Cells With Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia

Sonali Chaudhury, Juanita Saqibuddin, Robert Birkett, Kate Falcon-Girard, Morey Kraus, Linda M. Ernst, William Grobman, Karen K. Mestan*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Objective: To test the hypothesis that umbilical cord blood-derived CD34+ hematopoietic stem cells (HPSC), cord tissue-derived CD90+ and CD105+ mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) vary with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Methods: We conducted a prospective longitudinal study at a large birth center (Prentice Women's Hospital in Chicago, IL). Premature infants (N = 200) were enrolled in 2:1:1 ratio based on gestational age (GA): mildly preterm (31–32 weeks), moderately preterm (29–30 weeks), and extremely preterm (23–28 weeks). Cord blood (CB) and cord tissues (CT) were collected at birth using commercial banking kits, and analyzed for collection blood volume, tissue mass, CD34+, CD90+, CD105+ counts, and concentrations. Multiplex immunoassay was used to measure 12 cytokines and growth factors in CB plasma of 74 patients. BPD severity was defined according to NIH consensus definitions. Univariate and multivariate regression models were used to identify perinatal covariates and assess associations between stem cell concentrations, cytokines, and BPD outcomes. Results: Of 200 patients enrolled (mean GA = 30 ± 2 weeks), 30 developed mild, 24 moderate, and 19 severe BPD. Concentrations of HPSC and MSC, as measured by %CD34+, %CD90+, and %CD105+ of total cells, increased with degree of prematurity. Collection parameters varied with GA, birth weight (BW), gender, prolonged rupture of membranes, mode of delivery, chorioamnionitis, and multiple gestation. Moderate-severe BPD or death was increased with lower GA, BW, Apgar scores, and documented delayed cord clamping. %CD34+ and %CD90+ were increased with BPD and directly correlated with BPD severity. Severe BPD was positively associated with %CD34+ (beta-coefficient = 0.9; 95% CI = 0.4–1.5; P < 0.01) and %CD90+ (beta-coefficient = 0.4; 95% CI = 0.2–0.6; P < 0.001) after adjustment for covariates. CB plasma granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) was inversely associated with %CD90+, and decreased with BPD. Below median G-CSF combined with elevated %CD90+ predicted BPD (positive predictive value = 100%). Conclusions: CB and CT collections yielded high concentrations of HPSCs and MSCs in BPD infants, accompanied by low circulating G-CSF. These variations suggest possible mechanisms by which stem cell differentiation and function predict BPD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number475
JournalFrontiers in Pediatrics
Volume7
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 14 2019

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Keywords

  • bronchopulmonary dysplasia
  • cord blood
  • cytokines
  • neonatal outcome
  • premature infant
  • stem cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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