Vascular elastic laminae: anti‐inflammatory effects and potential application to arterial reconstruction

Christopher Tieche, Paul K. Alkema, Shu Q. Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Biomaterials, including non-biodegradable and biodegradable polymers, and collagen and fibrin matrices, have been used in experimental and clinical arterial reconstruction. While these biomaterials exhibit various characteristics suitable for arterial reconstruction, the patency of biomaterial-based arterial substitutes remains problematic because of inflammation and thrombogenesis. Endothelial cell seeding of biomaterials has been proposed and used for reducing the thrombogenicity of biomaterials. However, difficulties in cell retention hamper the application of such an approach. Although autogenous vein grafts offer satisfactory results, not all patients possess veins available for arterial replacements. Thus, a critical issue in arterial reconstruction is developing arterial substitutes that are inflammation/thrombosis-resistant while possessing the characteristics of natural arteries. Here we show that allogenic vascular elastic laminae exhibit anti-inflammatory properties and may be considered a potential material for arterial reconstruction. In this article, we briefly review the composition, structure, and function of vascular elastic laminae, summarize recent discoveries on the role of elastic laminae in regulating leukocyte adhesion and vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation and migration, and discuss potential applications of allogenic elastic laminae to arterial reconstruction.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2205-2217
JournalFrontiers in Bioscience
Volume9
StatePublished - 2004

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Biocompatible Materials
Blood Vessels
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Veins
Arteritis
Fibrin
Vascular Smooth Muscle
Smooth Muscle Myocytes
Cell Movement
Polymers
Thrombosis
Leukocytes
Collagen
Endothelial Cells
Arteries
Cell Proliferation
Inflammation
Transplants

Cite this

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title = "Vascular elastic laminae: anti‐inflammatory effects and potential application to arterial reconstruction",
abstract = "Biomaterials, including non-biodegradable and biodegradable polymers, and collagen and fibrin matrices, have been used in experimental and clinical arterial reconstruction. While these biomaterials exhibit various characteristics suitable for arterial reconstruction, the patency of biomaterial-based arterial substitutes remains problematic because of inflammation and thrombogenesis. Endothelial cell seeding of biomaterials has been proposed and used for reducing the thrombogenicity of biomaterials. However, difficulties in cell retention hamper the application of such an approach. Although autogenous vein grafts offer satisfactory results, not all patients possess veins available for arterial replacements. Thus, a critical issue in arterial reconstruction is developing arterial substitutes that are inflammation/thrombosis-resistant while possessing the characteristics of natural arteries. Here we show that allogenic vascular elastic laminae exhibit anti-inflammatory properties and may be considered a potential material for arterial reconstruction. In this article, we briefly review the composition, structure, and function of vascular elastic laminae, summarize recent discoveries on the role of elastic laminae in regulating leukocyte adhesion and vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation and migration, and discuss potential applications of allogenic elastic laminae to arterial reconstruction.",
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Vascular elastic laminae: anti‐inflammatory effects and potential application to arterial reconstruction. / Tieche, Christopher; Alkema, Paul K.; Liu, Shu Q.

In: Frontiers in Bioscience, Vol. 9, 2004, p. 2205-2217.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

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AU - Alkema, Paul K.

AU - Liu, Shu Q.

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N2 - Biomaterials, including non-biodegradable and biodegradable polymers, and collagen and fibrin matrices, have been used in experimental and clinical arterial reconstruction. While these biomaterials exhibit various characteristics suitable for arterial reconstruction, the patency of biomaterial-based arterial substitutes remains problematic because of inflammation and thrombogenesis. Endothelial cell seeding of biomaterials has been proposed and used for reducing the thrombogenicity of biomaterials. However, difficulties in cell retention hamper the application of such an approach. Although autogenous vein grafts offer satisfactory results, not all patients possess veins available for arterial replacements. Thus, a critical issue in arterial reconstruction is developing arterial substitutes that are inflammation/thrombosis-resistant while possessing the characteristics of natural arteries. Here we show that allogenic vascular elastic laminae exhibit anti-inflammatory properties and may be considered a potential material for arterial reconstruction. In this article, we briefly review the composition, structure, and function of vascular elastic laminae, summarize recent discoveries on the role of elastic laminae in regulating leukocyte adhesion and vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation and migration, and discuss potential applications of allogenic elastic laminae to arterial reconstruction.

AB - Biomaterials, including non-biodegradable and biodegradable polymers, and collagen and fibrin matrices, have been used in experimental and clinical arterial reconstruction. While these biomaterials exhibit various characteristics suitable for arterial reconstruction, the patency of biomaterial-based arterial substitutes remains problematic because of inflammation and thrombogenesis. Endothelial cell seeding of biomaterials has been proposed and used for reducing the thrombogenicity of biomaterials. However, difficulties in cell retention hamper the application of such an approach. Although autogenous vein grafts offer satisfactory results, not all patients possess veins available for arterial replacements. Thus, a critical issue in arterial reconstruction is developing arterial substitutes that are inflammation/thrombosis-resistant while possessing the characteristics of natural arteries. Here we show that allogenic vascular elastic laminae exhibit anti-inflammatory properties and may be considered a potential material for arterial reconstruction. In this article, we briefly review the composition, structure, and function of vascular elastic laminae, summarize recent discoveries on the role of elastic laminae in regulating leukocyte adhesion and vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation and migration, and discuss potential applications of allogenic elastic laminae to arterial reconstruction.

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