At least three vasopressinergic brain systems are involved in inflammatory reaction. The first one is VP neurons of the bed nucleus of stria terminalis, projecting to antipyretic center in the preoptic forebrain region. The second system is neurons of the parvocellular subnucleus of the hypothalmic paraventricular nucleus. VP from these neurons reaches portal blood through the external zone of the median eminence. VP potentiates the effect of corticotropin releasing hormone on ACTH cells in the anterior pituitary. Synergetic modulation of pituitary-adrenal axis by these neurohormones maintains synthesis and release of glucocorticosteroids. The latter plays crucial role as endogenous immunosuppresants. The third VP system is magnocellular hypothalamic neurons that release vasopressin into general circulation. Systemic VP is capable of compensating the water lost caused by symptoms of inflammation. The review is devoted to analysis of current information concerning physiology and interactions between these systems during acute and chronic inflammation. The special reference has been made on the magnocellular neurons and the role of circulating vasopressin in the renal function regulation.
|Translated title of the contribution||Vasopressin and inflammation|
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Morfologiia (Saint Petersburg, Russia)|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas