Vegetarian diet is inversely associated with prevalence of depression in middle-older aged South Asians in the United States

Yichen Jin, Namratha R Kandula, Alka M. Kanaya, Sameera A. Talegawkar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To investigate associations between a vegetarian diet and depression among South Asians in the United States. Design: Data from 892 South Asians (age range 40–83 y, 47% women) enrolled in the Mediators of Atherosclerosis in South Asians Living in America (MASALA) study were included. A vegetarian diet was defined as no intake of meat, poultry or fish in the previous year as reported on a validated food frequency questionnaire. Depressive symptomology was assessed using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D) and depression was classified as CES-D score ≥16. Multivariable logistic regression was used and covariates included age, sex, study site, education, smoking, body mass index, acculturation, intentional exercise, alcohol and energy intake, and antidepressant medication use. Results: Our study demonstrated 43% lower odds of depression among vegetarians (p = 0.023). Conclusions: Vegetarian diet was found to be inversely associated with the prevalence of depression. Longitudinal examinations confirming these findings are needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalEthnicity and Health
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Vegetarian Diet
vegetarianism
Depression
Epidemiologic Studies
Acculturation
Poultry
acculturation
Energy Intake
Meat
Antidepressive Agents
Asia
smoking
Atherosclerosis
Fishes
Body Mass Index
medication
Logistic Models
Smoking
logistics
alcohol

Keywords

  • depression
  • diet
  • South Asians
  • Vegetarian

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cultural Studies
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

@article{51c81bc692f2493c839fc71799b53d8a,
title = "Vegetarian diet is inversely associated with prevalence of depression in middle-older aged South Asians in the United States",
abstract = "Objective: To investigate associations between a vegetarian diet and depression among South Asians in the United States. Design: Data from 892 South Asians (age range 40–83 y, 47{\%} women) enrolled in the Mediators of Atherosclerosis in South Asians Living in America (MASALA) study were included. A vegetarian diet was defined as no intake of meat, poultry or fish in the previous year as reported on a validated food frequency questionnaire. Depressive symptomology was assessed using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D) and depression was classified as CES-D score ≥16. Multivariable logistic regression was used and covariates included age, sex, study site, education, smoking, body mass index, acculturation, intentional exercise, alcohol and energy intake, and antidepressant medication use. Results: Our study demonstrated 43{\%} lower odds of depression among vegetarians (p = 0.023). Conclusions: Vegetarian diet was found to be inversely associated with the prevalence of depression. Longitudinal examinations confirming these findings are needed.",
keywords = "depression, diet, South Asians, Vegetarian",
author = "Yichen Jin and Kandula, {Namratha R} and Kanaya, {Alka M.} and Talegawkar, {Sameera A.}",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1080/13557858.2019.1606166",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Ethnicity and Health",
issn = "1355-7858",
publisher = "Routledge",

}

Vegetarian diet is inversely associated with prevalence of depression in middle-older aged South Asians in the United States. / Jin, Yichen; Kandula, Namratha R; Kanaya, Alka M.; Talegawkar, Sameera A.

In: Ethnicity and Health, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Vegetarian diet is inversely associated with prevalence of depression in middle-older aged South Asians in the United States

AU - Jin, Yichen

AU - Kandula, Namratha R

AU - Kanaya, Alka M.

AU - Talegawkar, Sameera A.

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Objective: To investigate associations between a vegetarian diet and depression among South Asians in the United States. Design: Data from 892 South Asians (age range 40–83 y, 47% women) enrolled in the Mediators of Atherosclerosis in South Asians Living in America (MASALA) study were included. A vegetarian diet was defined as no intake of meat, poultry or fish in the previous year as reported on a validated food frequency questionnaire. Depressive symptomology was assessed using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D) and depression was classified as CES-D score ≥16. Multivariable logistic regression was used and covariates included age, sex, study site, education, smoking, body mass index, acculturation, intentional exercise, alcohol and energy intake, and antidepressant medication use. Results: Our study demonstrated 43% lower odds of depression among vegetarians (p = 0.023). Conclusions: Vegetarian diet was found to be inversely associated with the prevalence of depression. Longitudinal examinations confirming these findings are needed.

AB - Objective: To investigate associations between a vegetarian diet and depression among South Asians in the United States. Design: Data from 892 South Asians (age range 40–83 y, 47% women) enrolled in the Mediators of Atherosclerosis in South Asians Living in America (MASALA) study were included. A vegetarian diet was defined as no intake of meat, poultry or fish in the previous year as reported on a validated food frequency questionnaire. Depressive symptomology was assessed using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D) and depression was classified as CES-D score ≥16. Multivariable logistic regression was used and covariates included age, sex, study site, education, smoking, body mass index, acculturation, intentional exercise, alcohol and energy intake, and antidepressant medication use. Results: Our study demonstrated 43% lower odds of depression among vegetarians (p = 0.023). Conclusions: Vegetarian diet was found to be inversely associated with the prevalence of depression. Longitudinal examinations confirming these findings are needed.

KW - depression

KW - diet

KW - South Asians

KW - Vegetarian

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85065076111&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85065076111&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/13557858.2019.1606166

DO - 10.1080/13557858.2019.1606166

M3 - Article

JO - Ethnicity and Health

JF - Ethnicity and Health

SN - 1355-7858

ER -