Velocity explains the links between personality states and affect

Joshua A. Wilt*, Wiebke Bleidorn, William Revelle

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present research examined whether perceived rate of progress toward a goal (velocity) mediated the relationships between personality states and affective states. Drawing from control theories of self-regulation, we hypothesized (i) that increased velocity would mediate the association between state extraversion and state positive affect, and (ii) that decreased velocity would mediate the association between state neuroticism and state negative affect. We tested these hypotheses in 2 experience sampling methodology studies that each spanned 2 weeks. Multilevel modeling analyses showed support for each of the bivariate links in our model, and multilevel path analyses supported our mediation hypotheses. We discuss implications for understanding the relations between personality states and affective states, control theories of self-regulation, and goal striving.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)86-95
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Research in Personality
Volume69
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2017

Keywords

  • Affect
  • Extraversion
  • Neuroticism
  • Personality states
  • Velocity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Psychology(all)

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