Venous Thromboembolism in Trauma: The Role of Anticoagulation and Inferior Vena Cava Filters

Nicholas Xiao, Kush R. Desai*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a significant contributor to morbidity and mortality among patients with severe trauma. Historically, prophylactic inferior vena cava filters (IVCFs) were used in high-risk trauma patients with suspected risk factors for VTE, including prolonged immobilization, and concurrent contraindication to anticoagulation. Mounting data regarding the efficacy of IVCF in this cohort, as well as concerns regarding morbidity of an in situ IVCF, have challenged this practice paradigm. In this review, we discuss the comanagement of VTE and trauma, including anticoagulation and the use of IVCF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)40-44
Number of pages5
JournalSeminars in Interventional Radiology
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2021

Keywords

  • anticoagulation
  • deep vein thrombosis
  • hemorrhage
  • inferior vena cava filters
  • interventional radiology
  • pulmonary embolism
  • trauma
  • venous thromboembolism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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