Ventilatory support for infants in emergency and in the intensive care unit

Santhanam Suresh*, Patrick K Birmingham, Thyyar M. Ravindranath

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Pediatric anesthesia and intensive care management has improved dramatically over the past two decades. Improved understanding of the pathophysiology underlying newborn surgical emergencies, new medications and new modes of ventilatory support have all contributed to better patient outcome. The authors have reviewed the anatomy and physiology of the infant airway, indications for and principles of endotracheal intubation, the management of newborn surgical emergencies, indications for post-operative ventilatory support, different modes of mechanical ventilation available, complications of mechanical ventilation with weaning parameters and extubation criteria. The introduction of nitric oxide and the implications of extracorpreal membrane oxygenation in the management of newborn emergency refractory to conventional ventilation are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)395-419
Number of pages25
JournalThe Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Volume62
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 1995

Fingerprint

Intensive Care Units
Emergencies
Newborn Infant
Artificial Respiration
Intratracheal Intubation
Critical Care
Weaning
Ventilation
Anatomy
Nitric Oxide
Anesthesia
Pediatrics
Membranes

Keywords

  • Endotracheal intubation
  • Newborn surgical emergencies
  • Nitric oxide
  • Post-operative respiratory care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

@article{4af5ba97e34e4341b1d38d9cea1517fb,
title = "Ventilatory support for infants in emergency and in the intensive care unit",
abstract = "Pediatric anesthesia and intensive care management has improved dramatically over the past two decades. Improved understanding of the pathophysiology underlying newborn surgical emergencies, new medications and new modes of ventilatory support have all contributed to better patient outcome. The authors have reviewed the anatomy and physiology of the infant airway, indications for and principles of endotracheal intubation, the management of newborn surgical emergencies, indications for post-operative ventilatory support, different modes of mechanical ventilation available, complications of mechanical ventilation with weaning parameters and extubation criteria. The introduction of nitric oxide and the implications of extracorpreal membrane oxygenation in the management of newborn emergency refractory to conventional ventilation are discussed.",
keywords = "Endotracheal intubation, Newborn surgical emergencies, Nitric oxide, Post-operative respiratory care",
author = "Santhanam Suresh and Birmingham, {Patrick K} and Ravindranath, {Thyyar M.}",
year = "1995",
month = "7",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/BF02755059",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "62",
pages = "395--419",
journal = "Indian Journal of Pediatrics",
issn = "0019-5456",
publisher = "Springer India",
number = "4",

}

Ventilatory support for infants in emergency and in the intensive care unit. / Suresh, Santhanam; Birmingham, Patrick K; Ravindranath, Thyyar M.

In: The Indian Journal of Pediatrics, Vol. 62, No. 4, 01.07.1995, p. 395-419.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Ventilatory support for infants in emergency and in the intensive care unit

AU - Suresh, Santhanam

AU - Birmingham, Patrick K

AU - Ravindranath, Thyyar M.

PY - 1995/7/1

Y1 - 1995/7/1

N2 - Pediatric anesthesia and intensive care management has improved dramatically over the past two decades. Improved understanding of the pathophysiology underlying newborn surgical emergencies, new medications and new modes of ventilatory support have all contributed to better patient outcome. The authors have reviewed the anatomy and physiology of the infant airway, indications for and principles of endotracheal intubation, the management of newborn surgical emergencies, indications for post-operative ventilatory support, different modes of mechanical ventilation available, complications of mechanical ventilation with weaning parameters and extubation criteria. The introduction of nitric oxide and the implications of extracorpreal membrane oxygenation in the management of newborn emergency refractory to conventional ventilation are discussed.

AB - Pediatric anesthesia and intensive care management has improved dramatically over the past two decades. Improved understanding of the pathophysiology underlying newborn surgical emergencies, new medications and new modes of ventilatory support have all contributed to better patient outcome. The authors have reviewed the anatomy and physiology of the infant airway, indications for and principles of endotracheal intubation, the management of newborn surgical emergencies, indications for post-operative ventilatory support, different modes of mechanical ventilation available, complications of mechanical ventilation with weaning parameters and extubation criteria. The introduction of nitric oxide and the implications of extracorpreal membrane oxygenation in the management of newborn emergency refractory to conventional ventilation are discussed.

KW - Endotracheal intubation

KW - Newborn surgical emergencies

KW - Nitric oxide

KW - Post-operative respiratory care

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0029329353&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0029329353&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/BF02755059

DO - 10.1007/BF02755059

M3 - Article

VL - 62

SP - 395

EP - 419

JO - Indian Journal of Pediatrics

JF - Indian Journal of Pediatrics

SN - 0019-5456

IS - 4

ER -