Ventricular assist device-related infections and solid organ transplantation—Guidelines from the American Society of Transplantation Infectious Diseases Community of Practice

the AST ID Community of Practice

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Abstract

The Infectious Diseases Community of Practice of the American Society of Transplantation has published evidenced-based guidelines on the prevention and management of infectious complications in SOT recipients since 2004. This updated guideline reviews the epidemiology of ventricular assist device (VAD) infections and provides recommendations for the management and prevention of these infections. Almost one half of those awaiting heart transplantation are supported with VADs. Despite advances in device technologies, VAD infections commonly complicate mechanical circulatory support and remain typified by common components and anatomic locations. These infections have important implications for transplant candidates, most notably increased wait-list mortality. Strategic management of these infections is crucial for successful transplantation. Coincidentally, explantation of all VAD components at the time of transplantation is often the definitive cure for the device-associated infection. Highlighted in this updated guideline is the reported success of transplantation in patients with a variety of pre-existing VAD infections and guidance on post-transplant management strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere13552
JournalClinical Transplantation
Volume33
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2019

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Keywords

  • bacteremia
  • device infection
  • driveline infection
  • ventricular assist device

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation

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