Victim-offender relationship status moderates the relationships of peritraumatic emotional responses, active resistance, and posttraumatic stress symptomatology in female rape survivors

Brian A. Feinstein, Kathryn L. Humphreys, Michelle J. Bovin, Brian P. Marx, Patricia A. Resick

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    14 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    This study examined whether the level of victim-offender relationship (VOR) moderated the relationship between peritraumatic fear and active resistance as well as the relationship between peritraumatic fear and posttraumatic stress symptom severity in a community sample of female rape survivors. Participants (N = 124) were interviewed about their emotional and behavioral responses during the rape and assessed for posttraumatic stress symptomatology within 1 month of the assault. Results indicated that peritraumatic fear was positively associated with active resistance, but only among survivors of acquaintance rape. In addition, peritraumatic fear was positively associated with posttraumatic stress symptom severity, but only among survivors of intimate partner rape. These results suggest that VOR may be an important contextual factor that influences emotional and behavioral responses during rape as well as posttraumatic stress symptomatology in its aftermath.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)192-200
    Number of pages9
    JournalPsychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy
    Volume3
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jun 2011

    Keywords

    • peritraumatic fear
    • posttraumatic stress
    • rape
    • resistance
    • victim-offender relationship

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Social Psychology
    • Clinical Psychology

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