Victim-offender relationship status moderates the relationships of peritraumatic emotional responses, active resistance, and posttraumatic stress symptomatology in female rape survivors

Brian A. Feinstein, Kathryn L. Humphreys, Michelle J. Bovin, Brian P. Marx, Patricia A. Resick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examined whether the level of victim-offender relationship (VOR) moderated the relationship between peritraumatic fear and active resistance as well as the relationship between peritraumatic fear and posttraumatic stress symptom severity in a community sample of female rape survivors. Participants (N = 124) were interviewed about their emotional and behavioral responses during the rape and assessed for posttraumatic stress symptomatology within 1 month of the assault. Results indicated that peritraumatic fear was positively associated with active resistance, but only among survivors of acquaintance rape. In addition, peritraumatic fear was positively associated with posttraumatic stress symptom severity, but only among survivors of intimate partner rape. These results suggest that VOR may be an important contextual factor that influences emotional and behavioral responses during rape as well as posttraumatic stress symptomatology in its aftermath.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)192-200
Number of pages9
JournalPsychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy
Volume3
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2011

Keywords

  • peritraumatic fear
  • posttraumatic stress
  • rape
  • resistance
  • victim-offender relationship

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology

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