Background: Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) for dystonia is usually targeted to the globus pallidus internus (GPi), though stimulation of the ventral-intermediate nucleus of the thalamus (Vim) can be an effective treatment for phasic components of dystonia including tremor. We report on a patient who developed a syndrome of bilateral upper limb postural and action tremor and progressive cervical dystonia with both phasic and tonic components which were responsive to Vim DBS. We characterize and quantify this effect using markerless-3D-kinematics combined with accelerometry. Methods: Stereo videography was used to record our subject in 3D. The DeepBehavior toolbox was applied to obtain timeseries of joint position for kinematic analysis . Accelerometry was performed simultaneously for comparison with prior literature. Results: Bilateral Vim DBS improved both dystonic tremor magnitude and tonic posturing. DBS of the hemisphere contralateral to the direction of dystonic head rotation (left Vim) had greater efficacy. Assessment of tremor magnitude by 3D-kinematics was concordant with accelerometry and was able to quantify tonic dystonic posturing. Discussion: In this case, Vim DBS treated both cervical dystonic tremor and dystonic posturing. Markerless-3D-kinematics should be further studied as a method of quantifying and characterizing tremor and dystonia.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Tremor and other hyperkinetic movements (New York, N.Y.)|
|State||Published - 2022|
- Deep Brain Stimulation
- Ventral Thalamic Nuclei
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine