Violence and Media

D. Charles Whitney*, Ellen Wartella

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Summarized is research, primarily from the United States, arguing that violent content in mass media has small but significant impact on real-world violence. Three forms of effects, learning of aggressive attitudes and behaviors, desensitization, and cultivation of fear, are discussed, as are three theoretical models - Bandura's social learning theory, Berkowitz's priming effects theory, and Heusmann's social developmental model - for such effects. Contextual factors in effects, and the special nature of child audiences are discussed. Recent research on television content is presented, and public policy alternatives are suggested.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationInternational Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences: Second Edition
PublisherElsevier Inc
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9780080970875
ISBN (Print)9780080970868
StatePublished - Mar 26 2015


  • Children
  • Mass media
  • Media violence
  • Social learning
  • Television

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences(all)


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