Virologic and immunologic values allowing safe deferral of antiretroviral therapy

John P. Phair*, John W. Mellors, Roger Detels, Joseph B. Margolick, Alvaro Muñoz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

Obiective: To determine how long highly active antiretroviral therapy can be deferred in HIV-1 infected persons. Design: Observational cohort study of HIV-1 infected men at four academic centers in the USA. Outcome: Progression to clinical AIDS or to CD4 cell counts < 200 x 106/l in the absence of antiretroviral therapy among HIV-1 infected men. Results: No participant with a CD4 cell count between 201 x 106 and 350 x 106/l and having < 20 000 copies/ml of HIV RNA progressed to clinical AIDS within 1 year. In men with > 350 x 106 CD4 cells/l and < 60 000 copies of HIV RNA/ml there were also no instances of progression to clinical AIDS within 1 year. No participant with < 10000 copies HIV RNA/ml and between 201 106 and 350 106 CD4 cells/l had a decrease in CD4 cells to < 200 x 106/l within 1 year. In men with baseline CD4 cell counts > 350 x 106/l and HIV RNA < 30000 copies/ml, only 3% had a decrease in CD4 cell count to < 200 x 106/l within 1 year. Conclusion: This analysis supports recommendations to defer therapy in HIV-1 infected individuals with CD4 cell counts > 350 106/l and HIV RNA < 60 000 copies/ml and in persons with CD4 cell counts between 201 x 106 and 350 x 106/l and < 20000 copies/ml HIV RNA. Up to 79% of persons with > 350 106 CD4 cells/l and 29% with CD4 cell counts between 201 x 106 and 350 x 106/l may, with close monitoring, safely defer therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2455-2459
Number of pages5
JournalAIDS
Volume16
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 6 2002

Keywords

  • Deferral of HAART
  • HIV
  • Initiation of HAART

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases

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