Virtual Job Interview Training: A Dose Response to Improve Employment for Transition-Age Youth With Disabilities

Matthew J. Smith*, Mark Van Ryzin, Neil Jordan, Marc Atkins, Lindsay A. Bornheimer, Kari Sherwood, Justin Dean Smith

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Virtual Interview Training for Transition-Age Youth and Virtual Reality Job Interview Training are job interview simulators with demonstrated effectiveness in randomized controlled trials. We evaluated their dose responses via secondary data analysis of 558 transition-age youth with disabilities in 47 schools where the simulators were implemented in quasi-experimental studies. Cut-point analyses determined dosing efficiency and efficacy to optimize competitive employment. The most efficient dose when accounting for the balance between dose and employment was completing nine virtual interviews. The most efficacious dose to maximize the likelihood of successful employment was 38, but varied across race, IQ, IDEA categories,and employment history. This study provides a novel approach to inform implementation guidelines for virtual interview training in pre-employment transition services. Limitations and implications for research and practice are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalCareer Development and Transition for Exceptional Individuals
StateAccepted/In press - 2023


  • dosing efficiency and efficacy
  • employment
  • job interview training
  • transition services
  • virtual reality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


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