Virtual reality job interview training for individuals with psychiatric disabilities

Matthew J. Smith*, Emily J. Ginger, Michael Wright, Katherine Wright, Laura Boteler Humm, Dale Olsen, Morris D. Bell, Michael F. Fleming

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


Services are available to help support existing employment for individuals with psychiatric disabilities; however, there is a gap in services targeting job interview skills that can help obtain employment. We assessed the feasibility and efficacy of Virtual Reality Job Interview Training (VR-JIT) in a randomized controlled trial. Participants were randomized to VR-JIT (n = 25) or treatment-as-usual (TAU) (n = 12) groups. VR-JIT consisted of 10 hours of simulated job interviews with a virtual character and didactic online training. The participants attended 95% of laboratory-based training sessions and found VR-JIT easy to use and felt prepared for future interviews. The VR-JIT group improved their job interview role-play performance (p ≤ 0.05) and self-confidence (p ≤ 0.05) between baseline and follow-up as compared with the TAU group. VR-JIT performance scores increased over time (R = 0.65). VR-JIT demonstrated initial feasibility and efficacy at improving job interview skills and self-confidence. Future research may help clarify whether this intervention is efficacious in community-based settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)659-667
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2014


  • Psychiatric disability
  • job interview skills
  • virtual reality training
  • vocational training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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