Virtual reality job interview training in adults with autism spectrum disorder

Matthew J. Smith*, Emily J. Ginger, Katherine Wright, Michael A. Wright, Julie Lounds Taylor, Laura Boteler Humm, Dale E. Olsen, Morris D. Bell, Michael F. Fleming

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

181 Scopus citations


The feasibility and efficacy of virtual reality job interview training (VR-JIT) was assessed in a single-blinded randomized controlled trial. Adults with autism spectrum disorder were randomized to VR-JIT (n = 16) or treatmentas- usual (TAU) (n = 10) groups. VR-JIT consisted of simulated job interviews with a virtual character and didactic training. Participants attended 90 % of laboratory-based training sessions, found VR-JIT easy to use and enjoyable, and they felt prepared for future interviews. VR-JIT participants had greater improvement during live standardized job interview role-play performances than TAU participants (p = 0.046). A similar pattern was observed for self-reported self-confidence at a trend level (p = 0.060). VR-JIT simulation performance scores increased over time (R2 = 0.83). Results indicate preliminary support for the feasibility and efficacy of VR-JIT, which can be administered using computer software or via the internet.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2450-2463
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2014


  • Autism spectrum disorder
  • Internet-based intervention
  • Job interview skills
  • Vocational training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology


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