Virtual Reality Job Interview Training in Transition Services: Results of a Single-Arm, Noncontrolled Effectiveness-Implementation Hybrid Trial

Matthew J. Smith*, Justin D. Smith, Neil Jordan, Kari Sherwood, Erin McRobert, Brittany Ross, Eugene A. Oulvey, Marc Atkins

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study reports the results of a single-arm, noncontrolled, Type 3 hybrid effectiveness-implementation trial evaluating virtual reality job interview training (VR-JIT) delivered in five preemployment transition programs comprising 15 schools, 10 administrators, 23 teachers, and 279 youth ages 16–21 years receiving special education preemployment transition services. Fidelity, expected implementation feasibility, and teacher and student acceptance of VR-JIT were high. Youth completed virtual interviews (M = 10.8, SD = 7.4) over 6–8 weeks. At the 6-month follow-up, teachers reported that youth using VR-JIT had employment rates higher than current national employment rates for youth with disabilities. A multinomial logistic regression revealed VR-JIT engagement was associated with greater employment rates by 6-month follow-up (odds ratio = 1.63, p =.002). This study provides promising evidence that VR-JIT may be feasibly implemented with high fidelity in special education preemployment transition services and can potentially enhance employment outcomes among transition-age youth receiving special education services.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Special Education Technology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • pre-employment transition services
  • technology
  • transition-age
  • virtual reality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Computer Science Applications

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