Virus induced erythema multiforme and Stevens-Johnson syndrome

A. C. Choy, P. R. Yarnold, J. E. Brown, G. T. Kayaloglou, Paul Allen Greenberger, R. Patterson*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

Erythema Multiforme is an acute, self-limited inflammatory cutaneous disorder characterized by distinctive target lesions. Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) is defined as severe erythema multiforme with mucosal involvement, visceral involvement, or both. Both disease are part of a continuum of immunologically mediated mucocutaneous diseases at various grades of severity. Viral infections are known triggers of these skin disorders. We report the success of a management strategy of acyclovir and prednisone for herpes simples virus-associated erythema multiforme. In addition we describe the apparent first case of primary varicella infection as a direct cause of SJS. The two cases are presented and a single-case statistical analysis has been employed to evaluate the significance of the management protocol. The method of analysis is presented in the appendix. When a patient with primary varicella infection develops bullous lesions. SJS should be considered in the differential diagnosis, as early and intense corticosteroid therapy may be life-saving. A regimen of prophylactic acyclovir and therapy for an exacerbation of herpetic lesions with acyclovir and prednisone was effective in inducing significant control of recurrent erythema multiforme secondary to herpes simplex in our patient.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)157-161
Number of pages5
JournalAllergy Proceedings
Volume16
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy

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