Virus-like particles (VLPs) are self-assembling protein nanoparticles that have great promise as vectors for drug delivery. VLPs are derived from viruses but retain none of their infection or replication capabilities. These protein particles have defined surface chemistries, uniform sizes, and stability properties that make them attractive starting points for drug-delivery scaffolds. Here, we review recent advances in tailoring VLPs for drug-delivery applications, including VLP platform engineering approaches as well as methods for cargo loading, activation, and release. Finally, we highlight several successes using VLPs for drug delivery in model systems.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biomedical Engineering