Virus-like Particles Identify an HIV V1V2 Apex-Binding Neutralizing Antibody that Lacks a Protruding Loop

Evan M. Cale, Jason Gorman, Nathan A. Radakovich, Ema T. Crooks, Keiko Osawa, Tommy Tong, Jiaqi Li, Raju Nagarajan, Gabriel Ozorowski, David R. Ambrozak, Mangai Asokan, Robert T. Bailer, Anthony K. Bennici, Xuejun Chen, Nicole A. Doria-Rose, Aliaksandr Druz, Yu Feng, M. Gordon Joyce, Mark K. Louder, Sijy O'DellCourtney Oliver, Marie Pancera, Mark Connors, Thomas J. Hope, Thomas B. Kepler, Richard T. Wyatt, Andrew B. Ward, Ivelin S. Georgiev, Peter D. Kwong*, John R. Mascola, James M. Binley

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

36 Scopus citations


Most HIV-1-specific neutralizing antibodies isolated to date exhibit unusual characteristics that complicate their elicitation. Neutralizing antibodies that target the V1V2 apex of the HIV-1 envelope (Env) trimer feature unusually long protruding loops, which enable them to penetrate the HIV-1 glycan shield. As antibodies with loops of requisite length are created through uncommon recombination events, an alternative mode of apex binding has been sought. Here, we isolated a lineage of Env apex-directed neutralizing antibodies, N90-VRC38.01-11, by using virus-like particles and conformationally stabilized Env trimers as B cell probes. A crystal structure of N90-VRC38.01 with a scaffolded V1V2 revealed a binding mode involving side-chain-to-side-chain interactions that reduced the distance the antibody loop must traverse the glycan shield, thereby facilitating V1V2 binding via a non-protruding loop. The N90-VRC38 lineage thus identifies a solution for V1V2-apex binding that provides a more conventional B cell pathway for vaccine design.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)777-791.e10
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 16 2017


  • B cell ontogeny
  • CDRH3
  • HIV
  • NAb
  • V1V2
  • VLP
  • antibody
  • bnAb
  • glycan shield
  • neutralization
  • trimer
  • vaccine-design template

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases

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