Zdenek P. Bazant*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

66 Scopus citations


The form of the age effect on linear creep and elasticity is established by treating the hydrating cement paste as a variable composite in which the volume fraction of solid grows while the material creeps under load. The formulation rests on three hypotheses: (1)The average strains in microelements solidified at various times are equal; (2)the properties of solidified matter (cement gel) are time-invariant; (3)the rate of migrations of solid particles causing creep in cement gel depends on the mean length of migration passages at the time of load application. The first hypothesis allows eliminating the microstresses from a system of two integral equations set up to relate stress and strain histories. A new form of the creep function is deduced, expressing the aging effect in terms of the growth of volume of cement gel and the increase of the migration passage length. It is shown that the double power law is obtained as a special case when the growth of gel volume is negligible, and a generalization consistent with growing gel volume is suggested and compared with creep data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1049-1067
Number of pages19
JournalASCE J Eng Mech Div
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jan 1 1977

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'VISCOELASTICITY OF SOLIDIFYING POROUS MATERIAL - CONCRETE'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this