Atilla M. Ansal*, Zdenek P. Bazant, Raymond J. Krizek

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


A constitutive law is developed to model the behavior of normally consolidated isotropic cohesive soils under multidimensional stress or strain paths. This law represents the endochronic form of viscoplasticity and involves a number of material variables that are defined in terms of semi-empirical expressions and model: (1)Strain softening and hardening; (2)densification and dilatancy; (3)frictional aspects; and (4)strain rate dependence of the response. Furthermore, by considering saturated soils as two-phase media, the model accounts for the development of pore pressures due to the volumetric strain in the solid skeleton. Data reported in the literature are used to demonstrate the applicability of the approach, and approximate correlations between material parameters are established to predict the stress-strain-pore response of normally consolidated clays.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)519-537
Number of pages19
JournalASCE J Geotech Eng Div
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 1979

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

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