Viscous cross-waves: An analytical treatment

Andrew J. Bernoff*, L. P. Kwok, Seth Lichter

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Viscous effects on the excitation of cross-waves in a semi-infinite box of finite depth and width are considered. A formalism using matched asymptotic expansions and an improved method of computing the solvability condition is used to derive the relative contributions of the free-surface, sidewall, bottom, and wavemaker viscous boundary layers. This analysis yields an expression for the damping coefficient previously incorporated on heuristic grounds. In addition, three new contributions are found: a viscous detuning of the resonant frequency, a slow spatial variation in the coupling to the progressive wave, and a viscous correction to the wavemaker boundary condition. The wavemaker boundary condition breaks the symmetry of the linear neutral stability curve at leading order for many geometries of experimental interest.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)678-688
Number of pages11
JournalPhysics of Fluids A
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering


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