Children with neurofibromatosis type I (NF1) have a higher predisposition for low-grade astrocytomas of the optic pathway, commonly referred to as optic pathway gliomas (OPGs). OPGs can result in visual deterioration. Treatment outcomes in OPG-NF1 management are often reported around tumor stabilization. We sought to compare vision outcomes associated with different OPG treatment strategies to inform about this important functional metric. A meta-analysis exploring the different modalities to treat children with OPG-NF1 was conducted following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines using multiple databases. Of the 113 articles identified in the search, 23 full text articles, representing 564 patients, were included for review. These articles included retrospective, prospective, and randomized controlled studies on observation (n=9), chemotherapy (n=19), radiation therapy (n=6), and surgery (n=7). Of the patients undergoing observation, 87% (60/69) demonstrated stable acuity. In the chemotherapy studies, 27.3% (72/264) demonstrated improved acuity/visual field and/or visual-evoked potential amplitudes, 39.4% (104/264) stable acuity, and 33.3% (88/264) deterioration. Both the radiation and surgical treatments reported worsening acuity at 90.9% (10/11) and 73.3% (11/15), respectively. Causal associations are not known. Indications for and timing of treatment choice warrant larger scale study to provide further understanding.
- neurofibromatosis type I
- optic pathway gliomas
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health