Visual evoked potential changes following renal transplantation

Jeffrey J. Brown*, Robert L. Sufit, Hans W. Sollinger

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have followed a group of 18 uremic patients through living-related donor renal transplantation (RTX) using pattern-reversal VEPs. Recordings were made prior to and 10 weeks after surgery at high, medium and low spatial frequencies. Prior to RTX, mean latency of the P100 component of the VEP was 107 msec. Individual values did not correlate with blood urea nitrogen or creatinine. Patients requiring hemodialysis did not differ from non-dialyzed patients. Ten weeks after RTX P100 latencies were significantly shortened while N75 latencies were unchanged. Several diabetic patients exhibited the appearance of previously unrecorded wave forms. P100 latency increased significantly with increasing spatial frequency before and after transplantation. Diabetic patients demonstrated a consistent increase in P100 amplitude while non-diabetic patients demonstrated a consistent decrease in P100 amplitude after RTX. The data indicate that renal transplantation has beneficial effects on the central nervous system of uremic patients not seen with chronic hemodialysis and that these effects may be quantitatively measured using the VEP. The data further suggest that electrophysiological effects of uremia and diabetes may be additive, but reversible after RTX. Alterations in the uremic and diabetic VEP may be related to retinal or more proximal central nervous system structures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)101-107
Number of pages7
JournalElectroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology
Volume66
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1987

Keywords

  • renal transplantation
  • uremia
  • visual evoked potential

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology

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